The Book of Wonders: The Caspian Sea

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The Book of Wonders: The Caspian Sea is a project to reconstruct the urban historiography of forgotten (and forbidden) islands in the Caspian Sea, the largest inland saline body of water in the world. Rich in oil and gas fields (up to $12 trillion worth of petroleum assets), the Caspian Sea has been deeply involved in energy production for the past century. The magnitude of fossil-fuel extraction and transport activity in the sea has resulted in irreparable environmental damage. But as oil and gas resources become depleted and revenues fall, various post-extraction futures are currently being projected onto these sites: the islands of the Baku Archipelago, Pirallahi Island, and Neft Daşlari, the first offshore drilling facility in the world (1951). Here architecture and urban design are being used to attract capital investment and rebrand the city as a site of leisure, tourism, and real estate.

In such a heightened mode of architectural production, the role of the image resurfaces again, as fiction becomes a tool to generate capital. Inhabited sites “disappear” from Google Earth and Google Maps, drawings and images of speculative buildings and cities circulate extensively in different professional and social-media outlets, and realistic renderings of unbuilt projects appear in their proposed location on Google Earth, thus concealing the sociopolitical and environmental realities of the places. These images often cover up legacies of human and natural exploitation, and are used to celebrate accumulation of capital in built form.

If fantastical architectural drawings, renderings, and 3D animation are used as an “opiate of the masses” and propagate a false sense of utopia, The Book of Wonders challenges this narrative by producing and circulating countervailing stories and images that reflect our current political and social climate.

To access the archives of The Book of Wonders: The Caspian Sea, please visit

Garine Boghossian
Garine Boghossian is an architect and urban designer based in New York. She holds a Master of Science in Architecture and Urbanism from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2017) and a Bachelor of Architecture from the American University of Beirut (2013). Garine has taught architecture and urban design at the Northeastern University and the Boston Architectural College, and is currently working at Practice for Architecture and Urbanism.

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